A few months ago a astonishing discovery was found in the ancient greek city of Zeugma, the present-day province of Gaziantep, south Turkey, near the borders with Syria.
Three beautifuly crafted, well preserved mosaics dating back to 2nd century BC, were uncovered during the archaeological research, that started in 2007.
First one depicts the portraits of the nine Muses, covering the whole floor of a building – not surprisingly named by the researchers “The House of Muses”. The centor of the whole picture belongs to the muse Calliope, surrounded by her eight sisters. Why Calliope you ask? According to the greek poet Isiodos, Calliope was the greatest and finest of all the muses, the patron of epic poetry and arts.
The second mosaic depicts the two titans – Oceanus and his wife Tethys. How can we tell, that it is them, since no inscriptions have been found? Yes, a lot of gods and titans has been described as an bearded muscular man, or an attractive women, but can you see, what grows out of Oceanuses brow? Yes, the two small crab pincers are a safe way to determine that is is him. Also Tethys with her wings growing out of her forehead is a safe shot.
The third mosaic depicts a young man, and it was also preserved in a very good condition.
The city of Zeugma was originally founded in 300 BC by Seleucus I Nicator, one of the generals of Alexander the Great. At the peak of its glory, it was in populated by approximately 80000 inhabitants, and 2000-3000 houses.
Up until the year 2000 the city was completely submarged by an artificial lake, and only through the funding from numerous sources could the excavation works be initiated. Just think about it, almost 80% of the city is still underwater, what else could be found there? Better keep an eye on this site.